(1863 – 1902)
“Here is a man who is more learned than all our professors put together”, was the letter of introduction of Swami Vivekananda by Prof. Wright of Harvard University. The French scholar Romaine Rolland wrote he was so thrilled to read on Vivekananda, what he would have left is he would have seen him. The old great Oxford Professor Max Muller came down to the railway station of London on chilly night to see off Vivekananda. Such a personality having by this man by whom every man was impressed who came in contact with him. Thus Vivekananda had an excellent, impressive and an encyclopedic personality.
Swami Vivekananda was a spiritualist, a great creator and an inspired worker for the moral and social amelioration of India. If Raja Rammohan Roy, Keshab Ch. Sen and Gokhale believed in England’s mission to India , Vivekananda like Dayananda and Gandhi believed in India’s message to the west. I the course of his spiritual and philosophical development, Vivekananda jumped frominnate faith to skeptical agnosticism and letter is said to have attained the realization of the absolute in “Nirvikalpa Samadhi”, which is considered the state of super consciousness.
This great philosopher was born in January 12, 1863 in a middle class family of Calcutta. His early name was Narendranath Dutta. His mother was Bhubaneswari Devi and father was Viswanath Datta, an advocate in Calcutta. His other gave birth to him by offered prayer to Lord Shiva. So from his childhood the character of the Lord was often founded. Mother Bhubaneswari had much influenced upon his son Narendranath from childhood. He main noticeable event in his life was to came in contact with Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa who moved his life in a anew spiritual direction in about 1881, in the college days. Vivekananda completed his B.A. degree in 1885 in the Presidency College of Calcutta.
The investigation into realms of the phenomenal cosmos belongs to the province of Science but the eye of the Philosopher (Darshanika) is searching for the hidden reality. It was his deep sincerity which made him lives according to the truths he had found out. Sometimes he was the serene monk spreading the pacifying and ennobling creed of the Vedanta. But he didn’t remain absorbed in philosophical and mystrical realizations. As a great patriot he felt remorse for the decline of the country and hence he wanted at timed to act as the iconoclast coming like a bombshell on the evils of society. He pleaded for the liberalization of the rigidity of caste rules. Throughout his life he had the thinking attitude of a stoic philosopher but he never gave up his crusade for the betterment of the condition of the fallen, the sinner , the suppressed and the poverty –stricken.