Define Information and Communications Technology


Define Information and Communications Technology

Webopaedia defines ‘information’ as a word, which has many different meanings in everyday usage and in specialised contexts, but as a rule, it is a concept that is closely related to data, instruction, knowledge, meaning, communication, representation and mental stimulus. Information is knowledge derived from data/ data placed within a context. It is a message, something to be communicated from the sender to the receiver. Information in an organisation is the collection of expertise, experience and database that individuals and workgroups use for discharging their responsibilities. It is produced and stored by individual minds, or implicitly encoded and documented in organisational processes, services and systems. It is required for better planning and control. Shannon and Weaver define information as the amount of uncertainty that is reduced when a message is received.

‘Communication,’ on the other hand, is the process of information, usually via a common system of symbols. Communication can be interactive, transactive, intentional or unintentional; it can also be verbal or nonverbal.

‘Information and Communication(s) Technology’ (ICT) is then about use of technology in information processing and communication. In particular, it deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit and retrieve information. ICT may be discussed in terms of all the uses of digital technology that already exist to help individuals, businesses and organisations use information. ICT covers any product that will store, retrieve, manipulate, transmit or receive information electronically in a digital form. For example, personal computers, radio, ham, telephone, broadband, digital television, email, robots etc. are all equipment, which can be classified as ICTs. Importantly, it is also concerned with the way these different uses can work with each other.

Saroj Meher

Hello Friends, welcome to my website BrainyNote.  My name is Saroj Meher, You can call me a Professional Artist, Painter or an Indian Contemporary Artist, a Teacher, Computer Professional and also a You-tuber, who is eager to learn, find new techniques in his fields of works & grow in his life until his name become a BRAND.

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